Back pain has gained special importance in health figures in Mexico at present, since it has been seen to affect the population between 17 and 35 years of age with greater frequency. (IMSS, s.f.)
And how could it not be a public health problem, if this condition affects between 80 and 90 percent of the population at some point in their lives, being the main cause of work absenteeism and permanent disability. (Ornelas, 2007)
In a study carried out at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) in 2003, it was found that 50% of the people who worked at that time at the Regional Hospital number 6 in Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas (1500 workers), presented some clinical episode of low back pain; and of these, 31 percent received work incapacity of up to 12.2 days for each case on average. (Ornelas, 2007)
In a study published in 2018, on the epidemiological panorama of orthopedic spine pathology in Mexico, it was found that the most frequent ailment was the narrow lumbar canal and the most affected spine segment was the lumbar, so that researchers invite to identify risk factors for timely and correct medical care. (Armenta, 2018)
It is important to mention that the spinal column has between each vertebra, a disc that serves as a "shock absorber" to the loads. These discs are formed by a fibrous ring and a liquid filling that provides the compression facility. But if this disc is overloaded, either by an accident, a fall or continuous overloading, this ring can break and the contents of the disc come out and this is how a herniated disc is generated.(IMSS, s.f.)
It has been seen that patients who overlook the symptoms of a herniated disc and delay medical attention, the patient may suffer from functional disability and permanent pain, as the compression of the nerve roots will generate pain that then evolves with decreased strength and eventually the function of the legs will be affected. (IMSS, s.f.)
In Mexico there is a lack of a registry to document the importance and magnitude of this pathology and this can be achieved to the extent that the risk factors that contribute to these pathologies can be identified and this will ensure that patients have a diagnosis and timely care. (Armenta, 2018)
Armenta, A. G. (2018).