Carpal tunnel syndrome: causes and symptoms

Centro de la columna Vertebral: November 20, 2018

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Carpal tunnel syndrome: causes and symptoms

The Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects the median nerve, which allows for sensitivity and movement of various parts of the hand. When it appears, it can produce intermittent pain, swelling, weakness and, as a consequence, muscle damage. It can occur in both hands and arms.

Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome

In some cases, the causes are congenital: some people are just born with a small carpal tunnel, where the nerve passes into the hand, so any pressure on that nerve causes the symptoms.

On the other hand, some of the most common causes are: excessive use of the wrist muscles (in people who use the computer a lot for example; it is also common among people who play percussion instruments), bad posture or technique when using the hands in daily activities or the constant use of tools.


  • Weakness when grasping objects firmly
  • Tingling or numbness between the middle finger and wrist.
  • Severe pain that may extend to the elbow.
  • Loss of coordination between the fingers.
  • Manifests in both hands.

The constant pressure on the nerve may mean that some muscles and/or tendons in the hand are suffering from some inflammation. In the long term, these symptoms can increase: if not attended to in time, the muscle damage can be permanent and leave long-term sequels.

Precautions and treatment

Proper posture in the hands and arms when performing activities that involve movement is essential. Conservative treatment can be effective in most cases: it involves physiotherapeutic exercises, injections of corticosteroid medications, as well as pain therapies such as transcutaneous stimulation (TENS therapy).

Once the symptoms appear, it will also be necessary to make some changes in the patient's habits to achieve a satisfactory recovery.

Visit the CCV to receive medical attention

At the Centro de la Columna Vertebral we can help you with this and other joint conditions. We are experts in the treatment of chronic pain; contact us if you require medical attention.

Schedule an appointment online here

"The information contained in this blog is of an informative nature; it seeks to promote good health habits in the population and by no means replaces medical consultation. Content reviewed and corrected by Dr. Armando Acevedo Mendez, orthopedics and traumatology specialist. Professional license: 602691".

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