Centro de la columna Vertebral: January 15, 2015
Radiculopathy is an injury to a nerve root that emerges from the spinal cord, which runs from the base of the brain to the lumbar region (lower back), and is protected by a channel formed by articulated bones, the spine.
This bone duct has spaces (neuroforaminal) that allow the exit of large caliber nerve roots that branch out and move to the last corner of the human body.
Despite the fact that the spine is a solid structure, it can suffer deterioration, illnesses or accidents that affect the intervertebral orifices, giving rise to a radiculopathy or injury in some nerve root.
. In general terms, the injury of a nerve root occurs when it is compressed. Its manifestations are pain of great intensity, numbness, tingling or weakness, which will occur in certain areas of the body, depending on the affected part of the spine.
The most frequent cause of radiculopathy is a disc herniation (exit of the soft material that contains the discs), that can compress a nervous root at the neck level (cervical) and produce brachial radiculopathy, that radiates to arms, shoulders and shoulder blades, or in the lumbar region (low back), producing sciatic radiculopathy that radiates towards the buttocks, thigh, calf and feet.
The possibility of an injury of the nervous roots should be thought of when a person experiences pain, loss of sensitivity or weakness in a specific segment of the body, especially if the individual presents risk factors, such as being overweight, having done sudden movements, osteoporosis, loading a heavy object, experiencing an accident or a fall.