Centro de la columna Vertebral: September 28, 2015
It is a discomfort in any of the structures of the neck that causes pain in the upper back:
• Bones (vertebrates)
• Intervertebral discs
When your neck hurts, you may have difficulty moving it, especially turning it to the side. Many people describe this as having a "stiff neck".
If your neck pain involves your nerves, you may feel numbness, tingling, cramping, sensation changes, or weakness in your arm, hand, and fingers.
A common cause of neck pain is muscle contracture, and daily activities can be blamed for this, such as having bad posture, sleeping in an uncomfortable position, or even stress.
Falls and accidents can cause:
•Severe cervical injuries such as fractures of the vertebrae or whiplash (sprain)
•Injury to the blood vessels and even paralysis due to spinal cord injury, which travels inside the spine.
The vertebral bodies can suffer fractures, infections, tumors or a degenerative process.
The discs, which are the cushioned structures that are found between the vertebrae, absorbing the shock caused by forces that are exerted on the spine, can have a degenerative or traumatic process, which can produce deformations, including disc herniations, which in turn can compress the nerve roots or the spinal cord. When the nerve roots are compressed, they tend to become inflamed (radiculopathy), producing numbness, tingling, stinging and cramping sensations, as well as loss of strength in the arms.
The joints between each vertebra may be affected by a degenerative process as well, known as "wear and tear", a condition in which abnormal bone growths may occur, which can cause narrowing in the gaps where the nerves exit and the channel through which the spinal cord passes.
Since there are various causes of cervical pain, patients need to be evaluated by a specialist to determine the cause of the pain and carry out the proper treatment.